Do You Know Your ‘KADAI’?
So what exactly is ‘Embroidery’ or ‘KADAI’?
It is a renowned craft of ornamenting cloth or different kinds of cloth with the help of a sewing needle to run a yarn or maybe a thread. It can also integrate various materials such as beads, quills, sequins, pearls and much more.
Our country is counted amongst the top nations along with Japan, Korea, Palestine, Norway, Merezhka-Ukraine and Nakshi Kantha-Bangladesh for the gorgeous and factually preserved art form of embroidery. So here are 5 forms or types of embroidery which are incorporated in today’s designs and styles vividly.
A very faint and elusive craft of hand embroidery which one will often find on a variety of fabrics such as silk, chiffon, net, muslin, etc. is called the Chikankari embroidery.
In this craft a white thread is skilled on with a cautious state of detailing on light and calm pastel colored fabrics of cotton, muslin or others.
Dating back to the origin of 3rd century BC, this embroidery is known from the streets to even the palaces in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Often Bollywood is also caught on camera adorning this invaluable skill of hand embroidery that stuns the world with its grace and glory.
As the name suggests Kutch is a skill of embroidery that hails from the generous corners of Gujarat. Using cotton or silk threads this work is generally carried out on cotton fabrics with carefully designed patterns and mirrors.
As this craftsmanship involves a fine blend of thread and mirror work it enables this embroidery to become so dynamic that it is not limited to just garments but can also be seen being incorporated on items of décor, hand bags, wall hangings and accessories.
Rising from the state of Punjab, this handcraft of flower motifs embroidery is seen on various fabrics. The vibrancy of this work is recognized easily due to its effervescent texture and colors. It calls for a unique skill as the stitching in this kind of embroidery is done on the inner side of the fabric so as to glorify the design on the front side.
If you ever visit the Golden Temple market in Amritsar, Punjab you’ll observe that these designs were not only incorporated with clothing apparels but on jewelry, bags and even sandals too.
Zardozi is a primordial art of sewing silver and golden threads on a fabric which were also known as the royal adornments of the Mughal era, but it originally came from the Persian lands.
The original Zardozi craft integrated real gold and silver threads, pearls and precious stones on regal fabrics like velvet or pure silk. But in today’s time the real gold or silver is substituted by copper wires with golden and silver polish to keep the look as generous as possible. It is not the same but it definitely keeps the magic of this art form alive!
If “simplicity is the beauty of life” was to be an embroidery, Kantha would be it. This skilled embroidery is known for its simplicity which gives a pleasing and an appealing finish. It is a traditional style practiced by the craftspeople of Bengal and Odisha.
Intricate stitching of motifs of animals, birds, flowers and daily activities is united in a stitch format that runs with short gaps. This embroidery can be appreciated on not only sarees, dress materials and dhoti but also on bed covers, upholstery and wall hangings too.
These handicrafts are an age old practice and are a proud to every Indian’s heart and soul. The practice of featuring such embroidery works in our day to day lives is helping today in promoting our culture and our craftsmen too.